Texas Administrative Code Title 19

Education: As effective August 6, 2010

Chapter 120

Subchapter A

§120.1: Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Business Education, Middle School

The provisions of Chapter 120, Subchapter A, shall supersede §75.49 of this title (relating to Business Education) beginning September 1, 1998.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.1 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.2: Introduction to Business Support Systems

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 7-8.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student performs payroll and banking procedures. The student is expected to:

(A) compute gross pay;

(B) compute employee-paid withholdings;

(C) compute net pay;

(D) determine methods of dissemination of payroll funds, for example, direct deposit, and mail;

(E) reconcile a personal bank statement; and

(F) prepare personal and commercial bank deposits.

(2) The student researches consumer and employee issues and discusses financial implications for the individual. The student is expected to:

(A) prepare and maintain a personal budget;

(B) identify rights and responsibilities of the consumer;

(C) demonstrate purchasing decisions through comparative shopping;

(D) identify methods of acquiring ownership of personal property;

(E) identify cases of consumer protection laws for employees, for example, Texas Lemon Law, Child Labor Law, and Deceptive Trade Protection Act; and

(F) identify agencies that protect employees.

(3) The student generates domestic and international travel plans. The student is expected to:

(A) select appropriate options for lodging accommodations;

(B) consider social and language differences, currency exchange, passport acquisition, time differences, and immunization requirements using appropriate technology for a trip to a foreign country; and

(C) compare operations, practices, and policies for various businesses to determine productivity levels.

(4) The student communicates effectively. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate basic writing skills through assigned tasks;

(B) demonstrate effective communication techniques when using the telephone in a business environment;

(C) demonstrate effective listening techniques;

(D) organize ideas logically and sequentially;

(E) interpret maps;

(F) exhibit initial personal contact skills;

(G) survey supplementary resources, for example, the telephone directory, dictionary, and newspapers;

(H) interpret nonverbal communication in various activities;

(I) provide instructions to perform a task; and

(J) deliver an effective business presentation.

(5) The student exchanges information via telecommunications software, for example, electronic mail, images, and on-line information services with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) send and receive information via telecommunications technology; and

(B) model business ethics and correct etiquette when using telecommunications.

(6) The student identifies procedures involved in delivering information and products. The student is expected to:

(A) identify classes of mail and delivery services available; and

(B) compare costs of various delivery services.

(7) The student applies the proper keyboarding technique to input data. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate correct posture and position at the keyboard;

(B) demonstrate proper care and operation of equipment;

(C) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating alphabetic keys;

(D) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating numeric and symbol keys;

(E) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating the ten-key numeric pad; and

(F) demonstrate the correct use of the command and function keys.

(8) The student models employability skills for obtaining a position in a business. The student is expected to:

(A) identify employment opportunities;

(B) complete an application;

(C) demonstrate proper interview techniques; and

(D) identify documents needed when applying for employment, for example, the social security card, picture identification, and a birth certificate.

(9) The student exhibits effective human relations skills. The student is expected to:

(A) list professional qualities including positive attitude, loyalty, and diplomacy;

(B) maintain professionalism through neatness of work area and correctness of completed tasks;

(C) identify and demonstrate skills needed to maintain effective work relations;

(D) demonstrate a respect for individual differences; and

(E) exhibit tact in handling criticism, disagreement, or disappointment.

(10) The student develops and refines skills for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate productive work habits and attitudes, for example, dependability and punctuality;

(B) prioritize work to fulfill responsibilities and meet deadlines;

(C) model appropriate dress for the work assignment; and

(D) complete a W-4 form.

(11) The student produces business documents using current and emerging technology. The student is expected to:

(A) produce business documents using word processing;

(B) correct and print a business document;

(C) produce a business report containing text and graphics;

(D) develop and maintain electronic and manual filing systems;

(E) establish and maintain document and information storage and retrieval systems;

(F) develop and maintain files of addresses and telephone numbers;

(G) perform office procedures by manual or electronic methods, for example, keeping a simple inventory; and

(H) demonstrate binding equipment to prepare booklets.

(12) The student applies desktop publishing technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify technologies available for desktop publishing;

(B) identify customary standards and styles of desktop publishing;

(C) create desktop publications importing text and graphics; and

(D) develop a project using desktop publishing.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.2 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.3: Business Venture

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 6-8.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student implements components of productivity. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the work tasks;

(B) develop job descriptions;

(C) establish work flow;

(D) develop quality-control procedures;

(E) develop a financial plan, for example, estimate expenses, identify a break-even point, set a profit goal, and identify sources of capital;

(F) staff the business, for example, hire employees, train employees, and evaluates employees and managers; and

(G) operate a business, for example, produce a product or perform a service, implement a marketing strategy, and maintain business records.

(2) The student applies work ethics, job expectations, multicultural considerations, and communication skills in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) determine how personal integrity affects human relations on the job;

(B) demonstrate characteristics of successful working relationships, for example, teamwork, self control, and ability to accept criticism;

(C) analyze employer expectations;

(D) demonstrate a respect for the rights of others; and

(E) communicate effectively via oral, written, and electronic channels.

(3) The student surveys the options for the organization of a business and its operation. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze entrepreneurship, for example, identify the characteristics of entrepreneurs, explain the benefits and liabilities of starting a business, and select a type of business ownership;

(B) conduct a needs assessment, for example, identify the customer's needs and analyze the competitive environment;

(C) select a product or a service;

(D) conduct market research, for example, select a target market, determine price, select distribution methods, and develop a promotional campaign;

(E) select resources, mentors, and professional advisors, for example, accountant and attorney;

(F) establish methods to evaluate progress at checkpoints and creates a strategy to respond to changes; and

(G) evaluate the business and allocate profit of the business.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.3 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.4: Introduction to Keyboarding

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 6-8.

(b) Introduction. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student applies the proper keyboarding technique to input data when using the computer or typewriter keyboard. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate correct posture and position at the keyboard;

(B) demonstrate proper care and operation of equipment used;

(C) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating alphabetic keys;

(D) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating numeric and symbol keys;

(E) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating the ten-key numeric pad; and

(F) demonstrate the correct use of the command and function keys.

(2) The student formats and prints documents, for example, personal and business letters, short reports, and outlines. The student is expected to:

(A) identify parts of personal and business letters, reports, and outlines;

(B) format personal and business letters and envelopes;

(C) format pages of a report, including a title page, a reference page, and bibliography;

(D) format an outline;

(E) demonstrate ability to print documents;

(F) demonstrate the ability to work from printed, rough-draft, statistical, handwritten, and unarranged material;

(G) demonstrate the ability to compose at the keyboard; and

(H) demonstrate ability to proofread, use backspace key, and correct errors.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.4 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.5: Introduction to Recordkeeping

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 7-8.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students analyze the social responsibility of business and industry regarding the significant issues relating to the environment, ethics, health, safety, and diversity in society and in the workplace. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student identifies the rights and responsibilities of consumer credit. The student is expected to:

(A) develop a record keeping vocabulary;

(B) project the effect of poor credit on a consumer's credit worthiness by examining credit reports;

(C) list and explain the qualifications and procedures needed to obtain credit;

(D) research and present cases of consumer protection laws, for example, Texas Lemon Law and Deceptive Trade Practices Act;

(E) distinguish between regular and revolving credit accounts;

(F) identify problems involving personal use of credit cards;

(G) apply an annual percentage rate (APR) table and compute the APR on revolving charge accounts;

(H) compare costs of various forms of credit;

(I) determine the bank that offers the best credit card contract;

(J) interpret payment plans; and

(K) evaluate the effect of credit scoring on determining the availability of credit.

(2) The student demonstrates an understanding of personal financial management. The student is expected to:

(A) explain the importance of providing accurate information and calculations;

(B) calculate gross and net pay;

(C) plan and maintain a budget;

(D) simulate opening and maintaining various types of bank accounts;

(E) reconcile bank statements;

(F) compare the advantages and disadvantages of different types of banking services;

(G) analyze investment growth and develop a personal investment plan;

(H) prepare an individual income tax return; and

(I) complete a merchandise order for personal use.

(3) The student follows established mathematical processes to solve business problems. The student is expected to:

(A) apply the order of operations principle when solving business problems;

(B) calculate answers to problems using addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, percentages, and decimals;

(C) demonstrate ability to use numeric key pad by touch;

(D) calculate conversions from the United States to the metric system of measurement;

(E) calculate currency conversion;

(F) calculate pay using time cards;

(G) prepare local, state, and federal tax reports;

(H) compare physical and perpetual inventories;

(I) prepare a customer's statement of account;

(J) verify invoices and statements;

(K) compute and verify extensions on purchase orders;

(L) calculate trade, chain, and quantity discounts;

(M) compute cash discounts and the amount due on purchase orders after adjustments for transportation charges, discounts, and returned merchandise;

(N) calculate payment dates;

(O) compute the percentage of bad debts to sales;

(P) compute the amount of credit card discounts;

(Q) maintain accounts receivable; and

(R) maintain accounts payable.

(4) The student researches the components of productivity. The student is expected to:

(A) develop time management skills;

(B) enhance time management skills by use of technology;

(C) evaluate the effects of errors versus accuracy on productivity; and

(D) evaluate the effects of employee absenteeism on business productivity.

(5) The student explains the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) define business ethics;

(B) define honest and dishonest business practices;

(C) analyze the effects of unethical practices on business;

(D) analyze the effects of unethical practices on consumers; and

(E) identify ethical considerations resulting from technological advances.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.5 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

Subchapter B

§120.21: Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Business Education, Exploratory, High School

The provisions of Chapter 120, Subchapter B-E, shall supersede §75.70 of this title (relating to Business Education) and §75.87 of this title (relating to Office Education) beginning September 1, 1998.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.21 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.22: Business Communications (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)). This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students recognize, evaluate, and prepare for a rapidly evolving global business environment that requires flexibility and adaptability. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student prepares for effective communication skills. The student is expected to:

(A) organize ideas logically and sequentially;

(B) locate and interpret written information;

(C) distinguish communicated fact from opinion by identifying key words; and

(D) interpret visual materials such as charts, graphs, pictures, and maps, and translate the information into textual form.

(2) The student employs appropriate research techniques to produce effective business communication. The student is expected to:

(A) incorporate information from printed copy and electronic resources and references;

(B) locate and paraphrase secondary sources;

(C) document secondary sources;

(D) design, conduct, and analyze the results of a survey;

(E) conduct interviews to obtain resource materials;

(F) research and develop a business project incorporating data imported from various sources; and

(G) develop and communicate a vision and mission statement for a company.

(3) The student exchanges information via telecommunications software, for example, electronic mail, images, and on-line information services with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) send and receive information via telecommunications technology;

(B) evaluate which telecommunications methods are most appropriate to a given situation; and

(C) employ appropriate business ethics and correct etiquette when using telecommunications.

(4) The student illustrates proficiency in interpersonal communication. The student is expected to:

(A) develop business and professional vocabulary skills;

(B) deliver effective oral presentations;

(C) deliver an effective business presentation, for example, sales, reports, and proposals;

(D) demonstrate effective communication techniques when using the telephone;

(E) demonstrate the ability to listen by writing summaries of presentations and oral conversations;

(F) demonstrate active listening through oral feedback;

(G) follow oral and written directions;

(H) demonstrate the ability to give oral instructions for completing a simple task; and

(I) demonstrate proper business interviewing techniques in various situations, for example, one-on-one, group, and committee interviews.

(5) The student develops communication skills necessary to address a changing business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) describe the communication process;

(B) identify barriers to effective communication;

(C) assess the ethical and legal implications of messages;

(D) discern appropriate channels for transmitting messages;

(E) interpret nonverbal communication in various activities;

(F) illustrate the impact of nonverbal communication on the total communication process;

(G) identify ways to improve communication in organizations; and

(H) explain the types of communication problems that are possible when conducting business among cultures.

(6) The student produces business documents using current and emerging technology. The student is expected to:

(A) format business documents;

(B) demonstrate basic writing skills through assigned tasks;

(C) compose positive, negative, and persuasive messages;

(D) compose business letters and memos using the appropriate organizational strategies;

(E) produce a business report containing text and graphics;

(F) develop a business newsletter;

(G) prepare an employment portfolio, including letters of application, resumes, and related employment correspondence; and

(H) prepare a multimedia presentation.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.22 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.23: Business Computer Information Systems I (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The prerequisite for this course is Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)). This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-10.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student develops skills for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) locate and interpret written information;

(B) incorporate supplementary resources and references;

(C) demonstrate active listening through oral and written feedback;

(D) demonstrate productive work habits and attitudes, for example, dependability and punctuality; and

(E) organize ideas logically and sequentially.

(2) The student selects appropriate technology to address business needs. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and explain the functions of various types of technology, hardware, and software used in business;

(B) explore functions of emerging technologies; and

(C) list available hardware and software most appropriate for specific tasks.

(3) The student applies word processing technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify customary styles of business documents;

(B) improve the touch-system skill using the keyboard and keypad to input data;

(C) utilize hardware and software flexibility needed to produce documents to address different computer applications;

(D) demonstrate basic writing techniques;

(E) edit a variety of written documents; and

(F) produce business documents, including:

(i) business letters;

(ii) business reports, integrating charts, and graphics;

(iii) research papers;

(iv) statistical data tables;

(v) newsletters; and

(vi) resumes.

(4) The student applies spreadsheet technology. The student is expected to:

(A) perform correct mathematical processes, including:

(i) addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division;

(ii) percentages and decimals;

(iii) order of operations principle;

(iv) estimation; and

(v) prediction of patterns of data; and

(B) formulate and produce solutions to a variety of business problems, such as:

(i) budget, personal, and business;

(ii) payroll;

(iii) inventory;

(iv) invoices;

(v) balance sheets;

(vi) profit-loss statements;

(vii) income tax preparation;

(viii) charts and graphs; and

(ix) conversion of foreign currencies.

(5) The student applies database technology. The student is expected to:

(A) differentiate the nature and interrelationships of fields, records, and files in databases;

(B) perform data management procedures, including:

(i) locate, sort, and organize data;

(ii) search and query data;

(iii) retrieve data; and

(iv) export and import data; and

(C) produce and analyze business reports.

(6) The student exchanges information via telecommunications technology with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and describe the different components of the telecommunications industry;

(B) send and receive information using electronic methods, such as mail, image transfer, remote bulletin board access, access of on-line information services, and emerging technologies;

(C) evaluate telecommunications methods for specific business needs, including:

(i) cost (locally, nationally, and internationally);

(ii) convenience; and

(iii) availability; and

(D) model acceptable telecommunications ethics and etiquette and follow guidelines and laws.

(7) The student applies desktop publishing technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify technologies available for desktop publishing;

(B) identify customary standards and styles of desktop publishing;

(C) create desktop publications importing text and graphics; and

(D) create an instructional manual.

(8) The student applies presentation management technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the guidelines for using graphics, fonts, and special effects in presentations;

(B) analyze the effectiveness of multimedia presentations; and

(C) determine the appropriate technology to create and deliver an effective presentation.

(9) The student identifies the concepts of a computer network. The student is expected to:

(A) describe the components necessary to establish a network;

(B) describe the factors influencing the selection of a networking system; and

(C) compare the resources available on various types of networks.

(10) The student analyzes computer operating systems and emerging technologies. The student is expected to:

(A) describe various types of operating systems, environments, and utilities;

(B) compare the functions and features of different operating systems, environments, and utilities; and

(C) demonstrate operating system commands.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.23 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.24: Business Support Systems (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)). This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-10.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student performs payroll and banking procedures. The student is expected to:

(A) compute gross pay;

(B) compute employee-paid withholdings;

(C) compute net pay;

(D) determine methods of dissemination of payroll funds, for example, direct deposit, and mail;

(E) reconcile a personal bank statement; and

(F) prepare personal and commercial bank deposits.

(2) The student researches consumer and employee issues and discusses financial implications for the individual. The student is expected to:

(A) prepare and maintain a personal budget;

(B) identify rights and responsibilities of the consumer;

(C) demonstrate purchasing decisions through comparative shopping;

(D) identify methods of acquiring ownership of personal property;

(E) identify cases of consumer protection laws for employees, for example, Texas Lemon Law, Child Labor Law, and Deceptive Trade Protection Act; and

(F) identify agencies that protect employees.

(3) The student generates domestic and international travel plans. The student is expected to:

(A) select appropriate options for lodging accommodations;

(B) plan a trip to a foreign country, considering social and language differences, currency exchange, passport acquisition, time differences, and immunization requirements using appropriate technology; and

(C) compare different business operations and practices to determine productivity levels.

(4) The student communicates effectively. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate basic writing skills through assigned tasks;

(B) demonstrate effective communication techniques when using the telephone in a business environment;

(C) demonstrate effective listening techniques;

(D) organize ideas logically and sequentially;

(E) interpret maps;

(F) exhibit initial personal contact skills;

(G) survey supplementary resources, for example, the telephone directory, dictionary, and newspapers;

(H) interpret nonverbal communication in various activities;

(I) provide instructions to perform a task; and

(J) deliver an effective business presentation.

(5) The student exchanges information via telecommunications software, for example, electronic mail, images, and on-line information services. The student is expected to:

(A) send and receive information via telecommunications technology; and

(B) model business ethics and correct etiquette when using telecommunications.

(6) The student identifies procedures involved in delivering information and products. The student is expected to:

(A) identify classes of mail and delivery services available; and

(B) compare cost of various delivery services.

(7) The student applies the proper keyboarding technique to input data. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate correct posture and position at the keyboard;

(B) demonstrate proper care and operation of equipment;

(C) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating alphabetic keys;

(D) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating numeric and symbol keys;

(E) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating the ten-key numeric pad; and

(F) demonstrate the correct use of the command and function keys.

(8) The student exhibits employability skills for obtaining a position in a business. The student is expected to:

(A) identify employment opportunities;

(B) complete an application;

(C) demonstrate proper interview techniques; and

(D) identify documents needed when applying for employment, for example, the social security card, picture identification, and a birth certificate.

(9) The student applies principles of effective human relations skills. The student is expected to:

(A) list professional qualities including positive attitude, loyalty, and diplomacy;

(B) demonstrate professionalism through neatness of work area and correctness of completed tasks;

(C) identify and demonstrate skills needed to maintain effective work relations with colleagues;

(D) demonstrate a respect for individual differences; and

(E) exhibit tact in handling criticism, disagreement, or disappointment.

(10) The student develops and refines skills for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate productive work habits and attitudes, for example, dependability, and punctuality;

(B) prioritize work to fulfill responsibilities and meet deadlines;

(C) model appropriate dress for the work assignment; and

(D) complete a W-4 form.

(11) The student produces business documents using current and emerging technology. The student is expected to:

(A) produce business documents using word processing;

(B) correct and print a business document;

(C) produce a business report containing text and graphics;

(D) develop and maintain a system for electronic and manual filing;

(E) establish and maintain a system for document and information storage and retrieval;

(F) develop and maintain files of addresses and telephone numbers;

(G) perform office procedures using manual and electronic methods, for example, keeping a simple inventory; and

(H) demonstrate binding equipment to prepare booklets.

(12) The student applies desktop publishing technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify technologies available for desktop publishing;

(B) identify customary standards and styles of desktop publishing;

(C) create desktop publications importing text and graphics; and

(D) produce a project using desktop publishing.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.24 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.25: Introduction to Business (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-10.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student explains the economic process and relates the process to the development of an economic system. The student is expected to:

(A) determine the role of wants and needs;

(B) define economic roles;

(C) differentiate among the types of economic resources; and

(D) identify factors of production and distribution.

(2) The student differentiates between the types of economic systems with emphasis on the private enterprise system and the United States economy. The student is expected to:

(A) compare the types of economic systems;

(B) identify business cycles;

(C) explain the characteristics of the private enterprise system;

(D) summarize how economic decisions are made; and

(E) relate the historical basis for the four types of economy the United States has experienced.

(3) The student researches consumer issues and determines financial implications for the individual. The student is expected to:

(A) prepare and maintain a personal budget;

(B) interpret and explain the rights and responsibilities of the consumer;

(C) research and present major financial issues for the individual, for example, money management, banking system and services, saving and investing, credit, taxes, and paychecks; and

(D) demonstrate understanding of buying decisions for housing, food, transportation, medical and health, and different types of insurance.

(4) The student analyzes employment characteristics necessary for the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) assess the job market and employment and entrepreneurial opportunities;

(B) compare a variety of workplaces; and

(C) analyze the characteristics of the multicultural workplace.

(5) The student analyzes career opportunities and formulates a career plan. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze individual goals and values;

(B) determine individual talents, abilities, and skills; and

(C) develop an individual career plan.

(6) The student engages in the employment process. The student is expected to:

(A) complete employment application forms; and

(B) participate in mock job interviews.

(7) The student describes different types of technology and explains role of technology in business settings. The student is expected to:

(A) describe types of technology and their importance to businesses;

(B) outline the role of computers in business; and

(C) research future trends in the workplace relating to technology.

(8) The student defines ethics in business. The student is expected to:

(A) distinguish between ethical and unethical business practices;

(B) contrast ethical and legal choices; and

(C) relate the ethical decision-making process to business situations.

(9) The student describes the characteristics of business. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the types of business;

(B) compare the different forms of ownership;

(C) describe the activities performed by business; and

(D) explain the organizational structure and functions of business.

(10) The student relates the impact of international business on the United States economy. The student is expected to:

(A) compare domestic and world trade;

(B) explain the impact of imports and exports on the United States economy; and

(C) explain trade and exchange rates.

(11) The student identifies the role and impact of government, the legal system, and organized labor in business. The student is expected to:

(A) differentiate among the roles of government in business;

(B) describe types of activities performed by governments in business; and

(C) explains the role of the legal system in business.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.25 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.26: Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. Successful completion of a district-level proficiency test can be accepted as the equivalent for a prerequisite of one-half credit in Keyboarding. This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-10.

(b) Introduction. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student applies the proper keyboarding technique to input data when using the computer or typewriter keyboard. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate correct posture and position at the keyboard;

(B) demonstrate proper care and operation of equipment used;

(C) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating alphabetic keys;

(D) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating numeric and symbol keys;

(E) demonstrate the correct touch-system techniques for operating the ten-key numeric pad; and

(F) demonstrate the correct use of the command and function keys.

(2) The student formats and prints documents, for example, personal and business letters, short reports, outlines, and compositions. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate the ability to work from printed, rough-draft, statistical, handwritten, and unarranged material;

(B) demonstrate the ability to compose at the keyboard;

(C) demonstrate the ability to proofread;

(D) identify the parts of a personal and business letter;

(E) format personal and business letters and envelopes;

(F) format all pages of a report, including a title page, a reference page, and bibliography;

(G) format an outline; and

(H) demonstrate mastery of basic grammar, including use of punctuation marks, keying of numbers and symbols, and capitalization when composing.

(3) The student applies correct techniques for the touch-system of operating the keyboard to develop speed and accuracy. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate improvement in speed and accuracy;

(B) demonstrate ability to proofread;

(C) demonstrate ability to use the backspace key and correct errors;

(D) apply speed and accuracy in production of documents; and

(E) demonstrate mastery of basic grammar, including use of punctuation marks and capitalization.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.26 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.27: Recordkeeping (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 9-10.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students analyze the social responsibility of business and industry regarding the significant issues relating to the environment, ethics, health, safety, and diversity in society and in the workplace. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student identifies the rights and responsibilities of consumer credit. The student is expected to:

(A) develop a record keeping vocabulary;

(B) project the effect of poor credit on a consumer's credit worthiness by examining credit reports;

(C) list and explain the qualifications and procedures needed to obtain credit;

(D) research and present cases of consumer protection laws, for example, Texas Lemon Law and Deceptive Trade Practices Act;

(E) distinguish between regular and revolving credit accounts;

(F) identify problems involving personal use of credit cards;

(G) consider an annual percentage rate (APR) table and compute the APR on revolving charge accounts;

(H) compare costs of various forms of credit;

(I) determine the bank that offers the best credit card contract;

(J) interpret payment plans; and

(K) evaluate the effect of credit scoring on determining the availability of credit.

(2) The student demonstrates an understanding of personal financial management. The student is expected to:

(A) explain the importance of providing accurate information and calculations;

(B) calculate gross and net pay;

(C) plan and maintain a budget;

(D) simulate opening and maintaining various types of bank account;

(E) reconcile bank statements;

(F) compare the advantages and disadvantages of different types of banking services;

(G) examine investment growth by developing a personal investment plan;

(H) prepare an individual income tax return; and

(I) complete an order for merchandise for personal use.

(3) The student applies mathematical processes to solve business problems. The student is expected to:

(A) apply the order of operations principle when solving business problems;

(B) calculate answers to problems using addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, percentages, and decimals;

(C) demonstrate ability to operate numeric key pad by touch;

(D) calculate conversions from the United States to the metric system of measurement;

(E) calculate currency conversion;

(F) calculate pay using time cards;

(G) prepare local, state, and federal tax reports;

(H) compare physical and perpetual inventories;

(I) prepare a customer's statement of account;

(J) verify invoices and statements;

(K) compute and verify extensions on purchase orders;

(L) calculate trade, chain, and quantity discounts;

(M) compute cash discounts and the amount due on purchase orders after adjustments for transportation charges, discounts, and returned merchandise;

(N) calculate payment dates;

(O) compute the percentage of bad debts to sales;

(P) compute the amount of credit card discounts;

(Q) maintain accounts receivable; and

(R) maintain accounts payable.

(4) The student researches the components of productivity. The student is expected to:

(A) develop time management skills;

(B) enhance time management skills by using technology;

(C) evaluate the effects of errors versus accuracy on productivity; and

(D) evaluate the effects of employee absenteeism on business productivity.

(5) The student explains the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) define business ethics;

(B) define honest and dishonest business practices;

(C) analyze the effects of unethical practices on business;

(D) analyze the effects of unethical practices on consumers; and

(E) identify ethical considerations resulting from technological advances.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.27 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

Subchapter C

§120.41: Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Business Education, Technical, High School

The provisions of Chapter 120, Subchapters B-E, shall supersede §75.70 of this title (relating to Business Education) and §75.87 of this title (relating to Office Education) beginning September 1, 1998.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.41 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.42: Accounting I (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student demonstrates an understanding of the accounting cycle for a service business. The student is expected to:

(A) describe the purpose of accounting;

(B) apply basic accounting concepts and terminology;

(C) demonstrate the effects of transactions on the accounting equation, for example, T accounts;

(D) prepare a chart of accounts;

(E) apply information from source documents;

(F) post general journal entries;

(G) prepare a trial balance;

(H) calculate and record end-of-period adjustments;

(I) update accounts through adjusting and closing entries;

(J) prepare a post-closing trial balance; and

(K) prepare financial statements.

(2) The student demonstrates an understanding of the accounting cycle for an inventory-based or a merchandising business. The student is expected to:

(A) contrast the characteristics of a service and a merchandising business;

(B) analyze transactions relating to purchase and sale of merchandise;

(C) record transactions in special journals;

(D) prepare schedules for subsidiary ledgers;

(E) generate trial balances and end-of-period adjustments; and

(F) prepare financial statements.

(3) The student performs payroll and banking procedures. The student is expected to:

(A) compute gross pay;

(B) compute net pay;

(C) compute employee-paid withholdings;

(D) compute and complete payroll tax expense forms;

(E) compute salary expenses;

(F) prepare payroll registers;

(G) record payroll transactions in journals;

(H) complete payroll tax forms;

(I) determine methods of dissemination of payroll funds, for example, direct deposit, and mail;

(J) reconcile a bank statement; and

(K) prepare commercial bank deposits.

(4) The student performs specialized accounting procedures. The student is expected to:

(A) calculate and record depreciation of plant assets;

(B) prepare depreciation schedules;

(C) determine and record uncollectible accounts receivable;

(D) record inventories;

(E) calculate and record notes payable and notes receivable;

(F) open and replenish a petty cash fund and journalizes transactions;

(G) calculate interest due and payable and journalizes transactions involving notes payable and receivable; and

(H) calculate bad debts expense and journalizes transactions involving uncollectible accounts.

(5) The student recognizes the different forms of business organizations, for example, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and non-profit organizations. The student is expected to:

(A) compare the various forms of business organizations;

(B) list advantages and disadvantages of each form of business organization; and

(C) identify the various accounting functions involved with each form of business organization.

(6) The student identifies career opportunities in the accounting field. The student is expected to:

(A) describe the purpose of accounting; and

(B) interview members of the accounting field to investigate entry-level job requirements, career tracks for the profession, and projected trends for the future.

(7) The student practices productivity skills as they apply to accounting. The student is expected to:

(A) follow oral and written instructions;

(B) develop time management skills by setting priorities for completing work as scheduled;

(C) make decisions using appropriate accounting concepts;

(D) explain the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to the accounting profession;

(E) perform accounting procedures using manual and automated methods;

(F) complete the accounting cycle within an assigned time frame; and

(G) demonstrate use of the numeric keypad by touch.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.42 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.43: Banking and Financial Systems (One-Half Credit)

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12.

(b) Introduction. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student evaluates the role of money in the modern economy. The student is expected to:

(A) outline the history of money and banking in the United States economy;

(B) explain the composition of the money supply;

(C) compare current interest rates with the quantity of money required and available in money markets; and

(D) explain the operation of the Federal Reserve Bank and its role in the economy.

(2) The student identifies the principal functions of financial institutions. The student is expected to:

(A) compare the functions of financial institutions (banks, savings and loans, credit unions);

(B) analyze the process of credit creation and its impact on a single financial institution and on the banking system as a whole;

(C) outline different types of credit and the cost of credit; and

(D) critique the methods of credit investigation and the concepts related to the use of credit analysis.

(3) The student utilizes the services of banking and financial institutions for loans, savings, and investing. The student is expected to:

(A) compare various types of checking accounts and attendant banking services;

(B) explain electronic banking;

(C) calculate the variety of options (maturities, interest) on consumer purchases; and

(D) calculate interest and account balances for savings accounts and certificates of deposit.

(4) The student compares business financing opportunities with conventional or government options.

(A) compare borrowing through conventional bank or non-bank lenders with government programs, for example, Small Business Administration, Farmers Home Administration;

(B) contrast the business and consumer implications of the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA);

(C) outline the costs and benefits of factoring as a source of cash flow; and

(D) describe the functions of The World Bank and The International Finance Corporation.

(5) The student assesses the differences in mortgage transactions. The student is expected to:

(A) compare mortgage options available through lending institutions; and

(B) identify eligibility requirements for government secured mortgage options, for example, Federal Housing Authority, Federal National Mortgage Association, Veterans Administration.

(6) The student identifies the economic theories and financial forces that influence international business. The student is expected to:

(A) read and interpret foreign exchange quotations;

(B) describe factors that impact foreign exchange rates; and

(C) describe types of payment methods on international transactions, for example, United States Export Import Bank, Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Small Business Administration.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.43 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.44: Business Image Management and Multimedia (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)). This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students recognize, evaluate, and prepare for a rapidly evolving global business environment that requires flexibility and adaptability. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student demonstrates proficiency in developing professional oral and visual communication skills. The student is expected to:

(A) translate and interpret audio and visual materials such as charts, graphs, pictures, and maps for use in production development; and

(B) design and make audio-visual business presentations, including:

(i) sales;

(ii) reports;

(iii) proposals; and

(iv) demonstrations.

(2) The student researches and develops a presentation addressing a changing business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) research the impact of technology on business;

(B) research the effects of a changing business environment; and

(C) develop a factual multimedia presentation based on research data.

(3) The student demonstrates use of a presentation system. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the components and types of multimedia presentations;

(B) analyze the effectiveness of layout, color, special effects, and media objects in text documents and multimedia presentations;

(C) import graphics, sound, and video objects into text documents and presentations, using CD-ROM, World Wide Web, and other on-line services with appropriate supervision;

(D) apply the appropriate medium for documents and presentations;

(E) implement workplace standard technology for multimedia presentations;

(F) integrate media devices into document and presentation preparation; and

(G) research a topic and produces a multimedia presentation.

(4) The student demonstrates image management procedures. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and demonstrate image management procedures;

(B) analyze the cost and availability of integrating image management technology; and

(C) manipulate text, graphics, and other electronic images for business document production.

(5) The student applies a publishing system. The student is expected to:

(A) adhere to workplace standard technology for publishing; and

(B) produce documents using advanced standards and styles of publishing, including:

(i) watermarks;

(ii) mastheads;

(iii) perspectives;

(iv) special effects; and

(v) transformation; and

(C) demonstrate the use of various electronic publishing systems, including:

(i) web publishing; and

(ii) desktop publishing.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.44 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.45: Business Law (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12.

(b) Introduction. Students analyze the social responsibility of business and industry regarding the significant issues relating to the environment, ethics, health, safety, and diversity in society and in the workplace. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student identifies the rights and responsibilities of consumers. The student is expected to:

(A) research and present cases of appropriate consumer protection laws and agencies and identify given consumer transactions;

(B) compare personal with business bankruptcy laws;

(C) identify methods of conducting transactions in spite of an incapacity or death, via a power of attorney or will;

(D) differentiate between personal and real property;

(E) contact the office of the district court administrator to locate local dispute resolution centers and defines the scope of their jurisdiction; and

(F) make an oral presentation on an actual conflict resolution proceeding.

(2) The student demonstrates an understanding of personal financial management. The student is expected to:

(A) explain the elements of legal contracts and negotiable instruments, for example, stocks, bonds, checks, and bills of sale;

(B) cite methods of acquiring ownership of personal property;

(C) distinguish between liens, licenses, and easements;

(D) examine the forms of co-ownership of real property; (E describes legal aspects of a mortgage; and

(F) outline the process of transferring ownership of real property in community property and non-community property states.

(3) The student explains ethical concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) contrast honest or dishonest with legal or illegal business practices;

(B) analyze the effects of unethical and illegal practices on a business and on consumers;

(C) investigate laws and regulations resulting from unethical practices;

(D) determine lawyer's obligation of confidentiality; and

(E) research the ethical implications of legislation resulting from the use of current technology and develop procedural guidelines for implementing appropriate legislation.

(4) The student identifies employee rights and protections provided by law. The student is expected to:

(A) identify legislation and agencies that regulate an employer's obligation to supply a safe and accessible workplace, for example, Occupational Safety and Health Agency, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Americans with Disabilities Act;

(B) interview workers and employees affected by this legislation;

(C) present findings on a governmental agency audit, for example, compliance with regulations of wage and hour, safety and health, and equal employment;

(D) identify an employee's right to work by examining current legislation including Americans with Disabilities Act, affirmative action, and discrimination laws;

(E) identify current legislation that insures employee safety in the workplace;

(F) investigate an employee's right to organize and participate in a union, based on current legislation;

(G) identify an employee's right to continued employment by examining current legislation, for example, unlawful termination, sexual harassment, family leave, Americans with Disabilities Act, and employee privacy;

(H) outline the evolution of the Texas Worker's Compensation Program and state and federal unemployment compensation programs;

(I) relate the purpose, history, and work of the Texas Workforce Commission; and

(J) identify employer and employee rights and protections when working in another country.

(5) The student explores the options for the organization and operation of a business. The student is expected to:

(A) contrast the legal documentation required in forming different types of business organizations (proprietorship, partnership, corporation) and describes the significance of each type;

(B) identify new and hybrid business entities including sub-chapter S corporations, limited liability partnerships, and limited liability corporations;

(C) identify the duties and responsibilities for those interested in each type of business organization;

(D) compare bankruptcy and dissolution options for different types of business organizations; and

(E) identify the legal ramifications of operating different types of businesses internationally.

(6) The student researches the impact of the legal system on business. The student is expected to:

(A) utilize current technology in developing and managing legal documents;

(B) compare and contrast common law, statutory law, and agency regulations;

(C) relate ethical and social attitudes to changes that occur in the law;

(D) specify the steps in a civil and criminal lawsuit;

(E) distinguish between the laws that apply to retail and commercial sales, for example, Uniform Commercial Code and Deceptive Trade Practices Act;

(F) identify the people with legal responsibility for the acts (civil and criminal) of the business organization;

(G) evaluate the facts of a contract dispute;

(H) explain the elements of legal contracts and negotiable instruments;

(I) identify federal and state legislation pertaining to computer crime, fraud, and abuse; and

(J) identify federal and state trademark and copyright laws pertaining to hardware and software.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.45 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.46: Business Management (One-Half Credit)

(a) General requirements. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students recognize, evaluate, and prepare for a rapidly evolving global business environment that requires flexibility and adaptability. Students analyze the social responsibility of business and industry regarding the significant issues relating to the environment, ethics, health, safety, and diversity in society and in the workplace. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student illustrates the workflow of a business. The student is expected to:

(A) identify activities that create a workflow in a business;

(B) analyze office workflow and recommend modifications for improvement in routine procedures;

(C) identify the processes required to successfully operate different departments of a business; and

(D) compare different business operations and practices to determine productivity levels.

(2) The student develops skills necessary to address a changing business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) design a performance evaluation instrument; and

(B) identify legislation applicable to human resource management.

(3) The student analyzes the changing nature of business. The student is expected to:

(A) determine the impact of the changing social demands of employees on businesses locally, nationally, and internationally;

(B) analyze the impact of technology on business;

(C) evaluate the relationship of population migration, cultural diversity, and family demographics;

(D) analyze past and current modifications to United States business practices caused by global resources and competition; and

(E) describe the evolution of employment legislation due to the changing composition of the workforce.

(4) The student explains the concepts of integrity as related to the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) determine definitions of business ethics and confidentiality; (B compares honest and dishonest business practices;

(C) analyze the effects of unethical practices on a business, on consumers, and on employees;

(D) identify ethical considerations resulting from technological advances;

(E) relate the historical impact of unethical practices and governmental regulations; and

(F) identify ethical considerations of workplace politics.

(5) The student appraises the economic and social benefits of a well-designed workplace conducive to employee well-being and productivity. The student is expected to:

(A) research the relationship between morale, productivity, and absenteeism;

(B) research the requirements for an ergonomically-sound work environment;

(C) identify the consequences of the use of controlled substances on the workplace; and

(D) observe a work environment and recommend modifications for a more ergonomically-sound workplace.

(6) The student balances employee privacy rights with employer obligations to provide a safe working environment. The student is expected to:

(A) review safety and security policy statements of various companies;

(B) research and provide evidence of a local company's compliance to safety and security policies; and

(C) discuss the pros and cons of drug testing, background investigation, and criminal record investigation.

(7) The student creates and carries out a business plan that results in a long-term project involving time sensitive activities. The student is expected to:

(A) develop a company vision and mission statement;

(B) contrast management and leadership styles and develop a personal philosophy of management;

(C) perform human resources responsibilities, for example, staffing, motivating, evaluating, and terminating employees;

(D) perform financial functions, for example, secure capital, select risk management programs, design a budget, and develop records management and credit systems using current technology;

(E) perform marketing functions, for example, marketing concepts, product life cycle, product and service distribution channels, purchasing system, pricing procedures, and advertising program;

(F) perform supervisory functions, for example, develop recycling program, plans and conducts meetings, develop policy and procedures manuals, constructs organizational charts, explains staff interrelationships, and organizes work teams using appropriate technology; and

(G) perform business communication functions intended for external and internal audiences, identify communication barriers, resolve conflicts, develop liaisons with other organizations within the community, and identify benefits of community involvement.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.46 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.47: Business Ownership (One-Half Credit)

(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students recognize, evaluate, and prepare for a rapidly evolving global business environment that requires flexibility and adaptability. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student demonstrates an understanding of economic principles. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the economic principles inherent in the United States Constitution and other historical documents;

(B) distinguish among economic resources, for example, natural, human, and capital;

(C) compare the economic impact of business ventures in capitalist, socialist, and communist countries;

(D) identify the economic advancement opportunities available within each economy;

(E) balance economic responsibilities with economic rights and protections; and

(F) analyze the impact of cultural differences on consumer choices and behavior.

(2) The student develops skills necessary to address a changing business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) identify a business problem, determines alternative solutions, and justifies a required change;

(B) design, conduct, and analyze a survey to identify business trends;

(C) determine the need and foundation of change management;

(D) identify needed interpersonal skills;

(E) research opportunities for professional self-improvement;

(F) identify resources for life-long learning opportunities;

(G) design an instrument and conducts a performance evaluation; and

(H) design and make a presentation on change management using appropriate technology.

(3) The student illustrates components of productivity. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and assess human resources needed in a competitive environment;

(B) describe the benefits of an ergonomically-sound workplace, for example, wellness, productivity, and morale; and

(C) relate the interaction of people and technology.

(4) The student determines the options for the organization of a business and its operation. The student is expected to:

(A) research possible entrepreneurial opportunities;

(B) identify different organizational structures available to an entrepreneur;

(C) evaluate and choose a business location;

(D) generate sources of various types of capital;

(E) formulate financial projections necessary for a business startup;

(F) adhere to proper legal, tax, and accounting principles;

(G) identify work tasks and develop job descriptions; and

(H) develop appropriate risk management strategies.

(5) The student formulates a marketing strategy for a business start-up. The student is expected to:

(A) develop a business vision and mission statement;

(B) write and orally defends a business plan for the startup of a business using electronic presentation tools;

(C) generalize the economic and business principles upon which business decisions are based;

(D) create a customer profile;

(E) develop strategies to deal with identified competition;

(F) develop a product strategy;

(G) develop a pricing strategy;

(H) develop a distribution plan;

(I) develop an advertising campaign; and

(J) develop a customer retention plan.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.47 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.48: Telecommunications and Networking (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student complies with ethical and legal standards for networking and telecommunications. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze the global security issues involved with data communications;

(B) define and identify unethical practices such as hacking, phone fraud, on-line piracy, and data vandalism;

(C) evaluate issues related to privacy, depersonalization, and government control of telecommunications; and

(D) identify the potential benefits and problems for the future of telecommunications.

(2) The student assesses the development and impact of telecommunications. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the elements of communication;

(B) define telecommunications;

(C) analyze the impact of global telecommunications on business and society; and

(D) identify applications of data communication.

(3) The student analyzes various types and components of networks. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze various types and components of networks used in industries, such as:

(i) airlines;

(ii) banking;

(iii) investment services; and

(iv) credit card services; and

(B) describe characteristics of networks;

(C) distinguish between public and private networks;

(D) describe the characteristics of a local area network and a wide area network;

(E) compare the advantages and disadvantages of networking;

(F) list common networking protocols and describe their functions;

(G) create a folder or hierarchical structure for the storing and organizing of data on network(s);

(H) list common types of network cabling;

(I) distinguish between coaxial, twisted-pair, and fiber-optic cable; and

(J) identify the factors that might affect performance in a network environment.

(4) The student defines communications systems. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and describe the different components of the telecommunications industry;

(B) identify and explain various types of on-line services;

(C) identify the basic components of any communications systems;

(D) identify the types of communications hardware and explain their functions and use; and

(E) analyze the changing nature of the telecommunications industry.

(5) The student accesses, navigates, and applies on-line services with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) participate in electronic mail/listserve discussion groups;

(B) exhibit ability to use usenet newsgroups;

(C) search on-line services to investigate electronic business practices;

(D) search and retrieve information; and

(E) demonstrate file compression or decompression.

(6) The student creates, edits, and installs web pages with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the components of effective web page organization;

(B) create documents using the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML); and

(C) maintain a web page, electronic bulletin board, or other emerging technology system.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.48 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.49: Word Processing Applications (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The prerequisite for this course is Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)). The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(b) Introduction. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student prepares business documents using effective communications. The student is expected to:

(A) interpret and follow directions to produce documents;

(B) demonstrate proficiency in business English, spelling, and proofreading;

(C) identify and apply correct format for business correspondence and documents; and

(D) demonstrate concepts and processes to employ the appropriate steps in document production.

(2) The student improves level of proficiency in producing complex business documents. The student is expected to:

(A) refine work habits; and

(B) improve techniques, speed, and accuracy in document production.

(3) The student solves problems using document processing skills. The student is expected to:

(A) identify criteria for selection and evaluation of word processing software;

(B) make decisions concerning placement, format, and priority of completion;

(C) produce business correspondence, such as manuscripts, tables, reports, legal documents, and business forms; and

(D) produce a variety of business documents under timed situations.

(4) The student develops advanced word processing skills. The student is expected to:

(A) perform advanced word processing functions, such as:

(i) creating newspaper-style columns;

(ii) inserting section breaks;

(iii) creating templates;

(iv) selecting styles;

(v) applying autoformatting;

(vi) utilizing borders and shading;

(vii) defining page setup;

(viii) converting document formats;

(ix) searching files;

(x) creating macros;

(xi) addressing envelopes;

(xii) creating labels;

(xiii) utilizing mail merge; and

(xiv) customizing the desktop, by using toolbars, menus, and shortcut keys; and

(B) import existing spreadsheet and database data into word processing documents; and

(C) apply layout and design concepts in desktop publishing, including:

(i) graphics;

(ii) fonts;

(iii) text boxes;

(iv) frames; and

(v) tables.

(5) The student develops the technology and social skills necessary to work in an office environment. The student is expected to:

(A) develop human relation skills for working in a team environment;

(B) create and present a visual and oral report using text and graphics;

(C) prepare and distribute personalized correspondence using mail merge and electronic mail;

(D) complete advanced word processing tasks by utilizing documentation prepared by the software manufacturer;

(E) relate the social ramifications of computer applications to privacy, values, and ethics; and

(F) enhance overall office productivity by responsible use of computer systems.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.49 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

Subchapter D

§120.61: Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Business Education, Comprehensive or Work Based, High School

The provisions of Chapter 120, Subchapters B-E, shall supersede §75.70 of this title (relating to Business Education) and §75.87 of this title (relating to Office Education) beginning September 1, 1998.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.61 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.62: Accounting II (One-Half to Three Credits)

(a) General requirements.

(1) Students may be awarded one-half to one credit for successful completion of this comprehensive course. The prerequisite for this course is Accounting I and the recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(2) Students may be awarded one to three credits for successful completion of this course if in a laboratory or cooperative instructional setting. The prerequisite for this course is Accounting I and the recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. The workplace competencies will be added to the course content by the teacher. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student analyzes forms of business organizations. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the characteristics of business organizations, for example, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability corporation, limited liability partnership, and non-profit organizations;

(B) compare the advantages and disadvantages of the types of business organizations; and

(C) apply related accounting procedures to the different types of business organizations.

(2) The student applies the basic accounting concepts to perform advanced accounting procedures. The student is expected to:

(A) apply related accounting procedures to the different types of business organizations;

(B) apply related accounting procedures to the formation, dissolution, and liquidation of businesses;

(C) apply related accounting procedures to the division of profits and losses;

(D) apply related accounting procedures to the organization of capital stock;

(E) apply related accounting procedures to determine taxes, dividends, and retained earnings;

(F) apply related accounting procedures to the purchase and sale of bonds;

(G) apply related accounting procedures to budgeting and control;

(H) apply related accounting procedures to financial reporting;

(I) differentiate between the basics of a cash-basis accounting system and an accrued-basis accounting system;

(J) calculate the cost of inventory on hand using appropriate inventory calculation methods;

(K) compile data and prepare local, state, and federal tax reports;

(L) implement cost accounting procedures for manufacturing accounting;

(M) record transactions using a voucher system; and

(N) design a budgetary control system.

(3) The student applies accounting knowledge when making business decisions. The student is expected to:

(A) determine management costs control;

(B) determine cost-volume-profit relationships;

(C) make pricing decisions that utilize cost data;

(D) follow and analyze the fluctuation of specific stocks; and

(E) follow and interpret a selected financial market.

(4) The student identifies and researches career opportunities in accounting. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the responsibilities for various accounting positions by interviewing or shadowing accountants;

(B) research career paths in private and public accounting; and

(C) determine the requirements for accounting licensure examinations.

(5) The student employs productivity skills as they apply to accounting. The student is expected to:

(A) develop time management skills in setting priorities and locating information about methods and materials needed to complete a task;

(B) solve accounting problems by using spreadsheet and/or specialized accounting software;

(C) make decisions using appropriate accounting concepts; and

(D) demonstrate the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as they relate to the accounting profession.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.62 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.63: Administrative Procedures (One to Three Credits)

(a) General requirements.

(1) Students may be awarded one to three credits for successful completion of this course. The prerequisite for this course is Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)). This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12. The knowledge and skills described in subsection (c) of this section comprise the content for the laboratory or cooperative instructional setting.

(2) For specialization in legal administrative procedures, students may meet the additional content described in subsection (d) of this section.

(3) For specialization in medical administrative procedures, students may meet the additional content described in subsection (e) of this section.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment. Students incorporate a broad base of knowledge that includes the legal, managerial, marketing, financial, ethical, and international dimensions of business to make appropriate business decisions.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student communicates effectively. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate basic writing skills through assigned tasks;

(B) demonstrate effective communication techniques when placing and receiving telephone calls, including conference calls;

(C) demonstrate the ability to compose and record appropriate voice mail messages;

(D) demonstrate the ability to listen by writing summaries of meetings, presentations, and oral conversations;

(E) demonstrate the ability to give instructions by writing the procedure for completing a simple task;

(F) identify and demonstrate ways to improve communication in organizations; and

(G) develop and exhibit an assertive, non-aggressive communication style.

(2) The student identifies procedures involved in delivering information and products. The student is expected to:

(A) identify classes of mail;

(B) identify available delivery services;

(C) identify shipping and packaging requirements;

(D) compare costs of various delivery services; and

(E) select and defend an appropriate delivery service.

(3) The student identifies career opportunities in office occupations. The student is expected to:

(A) assess personal marketability; and

(B) identify appropriate employment opportunities and those emerging through technology by analyzing established resources.

(4) The student evaluates office support responsibilities. The student is expected to:

(A) schedule meetings and appointments;

(B) identify appropriate manual and electronic aids to help maintain a calendar;

(C) exhibit initial customer contact skills;

(D) plan and organize meetings and conferences;

(E) make travel arrangements, both national and international; and

(F) prepare agendas.

(5) The student prepares for professional advancement. The student is expected to:

(A) evaluate and compare employment options, for example, salary, benefits, and perquisites;

(B) demonstrate proper interview techniques in various situations; and

(C) complete job search procedures.

(6) The student applies principles of effective human relations skills. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate professional qualities including positive attitude, loyalty, and diplomacy;

(B) demonstrate professionalism through personal appearance, neatness of work area, and correctness of completed tasks;

(C) identify and demonstrate skills needed to maintain effective work relations with colleagues;

(D) demonstrate a respect for individual differences;

(E) apply tact in handling criticism, disagreement, or disappointment; and

(F) explain the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to the office environment.

(7) The student practices productivity skills as they apply to the office environment. The student is expected to:

(A) follow oral and written instructions;

(B) apply technology to enhance time management skills in setting priorities for completing work as scheduled;

(C) make decisions using appropriate office procedures;

(D) apply manual and electronic methods to perform office procedures; and

(E) relate the concepts of integrity and confidentiality to the office environment.

(8) The student maintains office systems. The student is expected to:

(A) establish an office supplies inventory and purchasing schedule;

(B) prepare an inventory record of hardware, software, furniture, and equipment and performs updates on records;

(C) adhere to maintenance and repair schedules as well as suggested care of office equipment, for example, computers, printers, and photocopiers; and

(D) conduct a needs assessment, for example, evaluates the need for purchasing new equipment, software, and telecommunications systems.

(9) The student produces business documents using current and emerging technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify and classify document creation software;

(B) input data using the touch system;

(C) produce business documents using word-processing, database, and spreadsheet software;

(D) correct and print a business document;

(E) perform business calculations using spreadsheet software; and

(F) produce a business report containing text and graphics.

(10) The student manages information. The student is expected to:

(A) maintain a professional reading file;

(B) develop and maintain a system of electronic and manual filing;

(C) develop and maintain a tickler file;

(D) establish and maintain a system for document and information storage and retrieval;

(E) establish and maintain files of addresses and telephone numbers; and

(F) organize and produce a database to organize business information.

(11) The student performs financial functions for an office. The student is expected to:

(A) calculate answers to problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, percentages, and decimals;

(B) manage cash fund accounts, for example, petty cash and cash advance;

(C) prepare and post check records;

(D) prepare bank deposits;

(E) reconcile bank statements;

(F) determine budgetary requirements for office supplies and equipment;

(G) monitor an office budget;

(H) complete purchase requisitions;

(I) complete vouchers for payment; and

(J) research emerging technology to automate the financial functions of an office.

(12) The student utilizes employability skills to gain a position in a company. The student is expected to:

(A) identify employment opportunities and completes job search procedures, for example, resumes, job applications, and W-4 forms;

(B) demonstrate proper interview techniques; and

(C) create appropriate documents, for example, application and thank you letters.

(13) The student identifies skills and attributes necessary for professional advancement. The student is expected to:

(A) evaluate and compare employment options, for example, salaries, benefits, and perquisites; and

(B) demonstrate proper interview techniques in various situations.

(14) The student develops skills for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) explain importance of and model appropriate dress, hygiene, and demeanor for the work assignment;

(B) demonstrate dependability, punctuality, and initiative;

(C) exhibit productive work habits and attitudes;

(D) demonstrate the ability to work with the other employees to promote the organization and complete assigned tasks;

(E) prioritize work to fulfill responsibilities and meet deadlines; and

(F) identify and rank tangible and intangible rewards of work.

(15) The student applies work ethics, job expectations, multicultural considerations, and communication skills in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) illustrate how personal integrity affects human relations on the job;

(B) demonstrate characteristics of successful working relationships, for example, teamwork, self-control, and ability to accept criticism;

(C) analyze employer expectations;

(D) demonstrate a respect for the rights of others;

(E) communicate effectively via oral, written, and electronic channels;

(F) identify ethical standards; and

(G) compare organizational policies and procedures.

(16) The student evaluates office support responsibilities. The student is expected to:

(A) schedule meetings and appointments;

(B) identify appropriate calendaring methods;

(C) exhibit initial customer contact skills;

(D) prepare agendas;

(E) plan and organize meetings, for example, a student organization meeting; and

(F) make travel arrangements.

(17) The student applies word processing technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify customary styles of business documents;

(B) input data using the touch system;

(C) demonstrate basic writing techniques;

(D) produce business documents;

(E) edit a variety of written documents; and

(F) identify technologies that enhance or replace the touch system of data entry.

(18) The student applies spreadsheet technology. The student is expected to:

(A) perform correct mathematical processes; and

(B) solve a variety of business problems including budget (personal and business), payroll, inventory, invoices, balance sheets, and profit and loss statements.

(19) The student applies desktop publishing technology. The student is expected to:

(A) identify technologies available for desktop publishing;

(B) identify customary standards and styles of desktop publishing; and

(C) create publications importing text and graphics.

(d) Subset knowledge and skills for legal administrative procedures.

(1) The student demonstrates proficiency in personal and professional communication. The student is expected to:

(A) research and reference supplementary issues and information;

(B) demonstrate active listening through oral and written feedback;

(C) distinguish communicated fact from opinion by identifying key words;

(D) interpret nonverbal communication by various activities; and

(E) provide instructions by writing the procedure for completing a specific task.

(2) The student employs the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to the legal environment. The student is expected to:

(A) perform duties and responsibilities common to a law office;

(B) identify current terminology related to the legal profession and to technology;

(C) identify social implications as related to the legal industry;

(D) identify the major issues and technological developments related to the legal industry and technology;

(E) analyze the effects of unethical practices on a business; and

(F) analyze the effects of unethical practices on clients.

(3) The student demonstrates concepts and skills necessary to function productively in a law office. The student is expected to:

(A) perform duties and responsibilities common to a law office;

(B) identify current terminology related to the legal profession and to technology;

(C) identify social implications as related to the legal industry;

(D) identify the major issues and technological developments related to the legal industry and technology;

(E) describe the ethical and legal issues resulting from the computer revolution; and

(F) identify privacy issues involved with electronic data storage.

(4) The student demonstrates concepts and skills necessary for use of word processing software, equipment, and tools to produce documents related to the legal office. The student is expected to:

(A) demonstrate keyboarding, formatting, and proofreading, using word processing and grammar checking software and automated spellcheck and thesaurus;

(B) apply correct format for general and legal correspondence and documents;


§120.64: Business Computer Information Systems II (One-Half to Three Credits)

(a) General requirements.

(1) Students may be awarded one-half to one credit for successful completion of this comprehensive course. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(2) Students may be awarded one to three credits for successful completion of this course if in a laboratory or cooperative instructional setting. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12. The workplace competencies may be added to the course content by the teacher.

(b) Introduction. Students recognize, evaluate, and prepare for a rapidly evolving global business environment that requires flexibility and adaptability. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students analyze the social responsibility of business and industry regarding the significant issues relating to the environment, ethics, health, safety, and diversity in society and in the workplace. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student develops skills necessary to address a changing business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) design, conduct, and analyze a survey to identify business trends and changes; and

(B) identify a business problem, determine alternative solutions, and defend a recommendation.

(2) The student develops skills for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A) exhibit productive work habits and attitudes;

(B) prioritize work to fulfill responsibilities and meet deadlines; and

(C) demonstrate characteristics for successful working relationships, for example, give and receive criticism, and exercise self-control.

(3) The student appraises the components of productivity. The student is expected to:

(A) plan projects considering time and resource management utilizing current and emerging technologies;

(B) identify the requirements for an ergonomically-sound work environment; and

(C) identify tasks necessary to complete a job.

(4) The student examines employment opportunities in various business environments. The student is expected to:

(A) describe the impact of technological change on computer information systems positions and the resulting need for life-long learning and retraining;

(B) evaluate employment packages by studying various business options, including:

(i) cafeteria plan;

(ii) individual retirement plan (IRA);

(iii) tax sheltered annuities;

(iv) retirement;

(v) commission;

(vi) benefits; and

(vii) transportation assistance; and

(C) research employment opportunities in the field of computer information systems; and

(D) prepare a personal portfolio for employment purposes, including:

(i) letters of application;

(ii) resumes;

(iii) reference sheets; and

(iv) examples of achievement.

(5) The student relates concepts of integrity and confidentiality to the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze the effects of ethical practices on a business; and

(B) analyze the risks of a breach of confidentiality.

(6) The student analyzes and implements appropriate technology as tools to address business needs. The student is expected to:

(A) select and apply appropriate technology as tools to address business needs;

(B) research emerging information systems tools;

(C) perform specific tasks using appropriate specialized hardware and software;

(D) format and produce business documents for mailing, including:

(i) merged mail, lists, and reports;

(ii) integrated financial reports;

(iii) payroll reports; and

(iv) technical reports; and

(E) research and develop a business project incorporating data imported from various sources; and

(F) select and apply technology to process and manipulate text, graphics, and other images.

(7) The student applies a presentation system. The student is expected to:

(A) identify standards and styles of multimedia presentations;

(B) identify guidelines for using graphics, sound, and video objects in text documents and presentations;

(C) integrate multimedia functions into text documents; and

(D) prepare documents and presentations using the appropriate medium.

(8) The student designs solutions to mathematical business problems using spreadsheet technology. The student is expected to:

(A) recognize and apply lookup tables, built-in functions, macros, and advanced charts and graphs;

(B) determine the uses of spreadsheets with currencies other than the dollar based on current market value;

(C) create and interpret financial statements, including:

(i) comparisons and projections;

(ii) predictions and forecasts;

(iii) trend analysis; and

(iv) charts and graphs; and

(D) produce a future-value, investment-analysis worksheet, including:

(i) macros;

(ii) what-if assumptions; and

(iii) advanced functions.

(9) The student follows procedures of data management. The student is expected to:

(A) design a database to solve business problems; and

(B) research multiple databases to develop a sales forecast presentation.

(10) The student exchanges information via telecommunications software with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) exhibit correct telecommunications ethics and etiquette;

(B) develop guidelines for using on-line services; and

(C) research world-wide information via telecommunications, including:

(i) cyberpals;

(ii) global surveys; and

(iii) research.

(11) The student applies a publishing system. The student is expected to:

(A) identify technologies available for publishing documents;

(B) adhere to established standards and styles of publishing; and

(C) publish documents, including:

(i) instructional manuals;

(ii) employment portfolios;

(iii) multiple-page newsletters; and

(iv) business brochures.

(12) The student analyzes computer operating systems and emerging technologies. The student is expected to:

(A) select operating systems, environments, and utilities appropriate to specific hardware and software;

(B) apply operating systems commands;

(C) import, export, and merge data stored in different formats; and

(D) research emerging operating systems.

(13) The student identifies the concepts of a computer network. The student is expected to:

(A) research options for connecting one computer to another; and

(B) access data storage and output devices using a network.

(14) The student demonstrates procedures for maintaining the security of computerized information. The student is expected to:

(A) research controls for information systems facilities, data, communications, and applications appropriate to specific risks;

(B) research law and legislation concerning electronic security breeches; and

(C) apply procedures used to restart and recover from situations such as system failure and computer virus.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.64 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.65: Business Computer Programming (One-Half to Three Credits)

(a) General requirements.

(1) Students may be awarded one-half to one credit for successful completion of this comprehensive course. The recommended prerequisites for this course are Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)), and Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(2) Students may be awarded one to three credits for successful completion of this course if in a laboratory or cooperative instructional setting. The recommended prerequisites for this course are Keyboarding, one-half credit or equivalent, as described in §120.26(a) of this title (relating to Keyboarding (One-Half to One Credit)), and Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12. Workplace competencies will be added to the course content by the teacher.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students analyze the social responsibility of business and industry regarding the significant issues relating to the environment, ethics, health, safety, and diversity in society and in the workplace. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student identifies employment opportunities in various business environments. The student is expected to:

(A) identify positions and career paths in the field of computer information systems, for example, programmer, and system analyst;

(B) identify common tasks performed by computer information systems workers; and

(C) research education, experience, skills, and personal requirements for careers in computer information systems.

(2) The student differentiates the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to technology in the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A) define business ethics;

(B) define honest and dishonest business practices; and

(C) analyze the effects of unethical practices on a business.

(3) The student analyzes programming languages and operating systems. The student is expected to:

(A) identify the types and levels of programming languages and operating systems;

(B) identify emerging languages and operating systems;

(C) identify the functions and features of different languages and operating systems; and

(D) select language and operating systems appropriate to specific hardware and software.

(4) The student solves problems using different types and levels of programming languages. The student is expected to:

(A) illustrate the use of various types of languages and operating systems;

(B) interpret source and object codes;

(C) solve business programming applications using appropriate software;

(D) produce business programs using structured coding with appropriate style and clarity of expression;

(E) develop code with correct and efficient use of constant and variable data;

(F) develop code with correct and efficient use of sequential, conditional, and repetitive control structures;

(G) demonstrate skill in testing for program correctness using effective coding, design, and test data;

(H) compare computed results with estimated results to determine the reasonableness of the solutions;

(I) recognize, describe, and predict patterns of data;

(J) troubleshoot technological problems; and

(K) import, export, and merge data stored in different formats.

(5) The student solves problems using analytical techniques. The student is expected to:

(A) organize ideas through thematic webbing, idea-mapping, outlining, pseudocoding, and other techniques;

(B) identify and describe various structured analysis and design methodologies; and

(C) analyze a problem by formulating a structured approach.

(6) The student applies procedures for maintaining the security of computerized information. The student is expected to:

(A) identify risks to information systems facilities, data, communications systems, and applications;

(B) identify federal and state legislation pertaining to computer crime, fraud, and abuse;

(C) identify and select controls for information systems facilities, data, communications, and applications appropriate to specific risks; and

(D) apply procedures used to restart and recover from situations such as system failure and computer virus.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.65 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.66: International Business (One-Half to Three Credits)

(a) General requirements.

(1) Students may be awarded one-half to one credit for successful completion of this comprehensive course. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 10-12.

(2) Students may be awarded one to three credits for successful completion of this course if in a laboratory or cooperative instructional setting. The recommended prerequisite for this course is Business Computer Information Systems I. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12. The workplace competencies will be added to the course content by the teacher.

(b) Introduction. Students implement personal and interpersonal skills to strengthen individual performance in the workplace and in society and to make a successful transition to the workforce and/or postsecondary education. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students develop a foundation in the economical, financial, technological, international, social, and ethical aspects of business to become competent consumers, employees, and entrepreneurs. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student identifies employee rights and protections afforded by law. The student is expected to:

(A) identify an employee's right to work in other countries by examining international affirmative action laws and laws restricting discriminations;

(B) identify international practices pertaining to safety in the workplace; and

(C) research an employee's right to organize and participate in a union in other countries.

(2) The student generates domestic and international travel plans. The student is expected to:

(A) identify sources from which to purchase tickets;

(B) select appropriate options for lodging accommodations; and

(C) plan a trip to a foreign country, considering social and language differences, currency exchange, passport acquisition, time differences, and immunization requirements.

(3) The student explores multicultural business opportunities utilizing international resources. The student is expected to:

(A) explore issues involved in living and working abroad;

(B) compare the social roles of various subgroups in different countries;

(C) explain effects of regional and global economics on educational and career opportunities;

(D) analyze government employment opportunities;

(E) research educational programs relating to international business study; and

(F) summarize personnel policies of multinational firms.

(4) The student analyzes employability skills to obtain successful employment with a company. The student is expected to:

(A) assess personal international marketability;

(B) identify appropriate employment opportunities abroad;

(C) evaluate international employment options, for example, salaries, benefits, perquisites; and

(D) generate an orientation manual for people preparing to live and work in a foreign country.

(5) The student exchanges information via telecommunications software, for example, electronic mail, images, remote bulletin board access, and access of on-line information services with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A) evaluate and select most appropriate telecommunications methods for a given situation;

(B) practice proper etiquette when using telecommunications;

(C) evaluate the role of interpreters and translators in conducting international business; and

(D) send and receive information via telecommunications technology.

(6) The student determines options for the organization of an international business and its operation. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze the formation and structure of a functioning international business;

(B) contrast steps required in forming different types of international business organizations;

(C) identify legal responsibility for the acts (civil and criminal) of the business organization;

(D) determine financial requirements and resources required to organize and operate businesses in foreign markets;

(E) evaluate joint venture options for different types of business products or services;

(F) evaluate the risks and rewards of entrepreneurship unique to international business;

(G) formulate a proposal justifying the selection of a country for trade within a specific industry; and

(H) propose strategies justifying the selection of a country for production of a particular product.

(7) The student identifies the roles of marketing in international business activities. The student is expected to:

(A) research international consumer activity and prepare a feature and benefit analysis for a variety of consumer products and services;

(B) select international, consumer product, transportation, service, and presentation options;

(C) select procurement procedures to accommodate the manufacturing and distribution plan, for example, maquiladoras (twin plant operation);

(D) outline an effective foreign advertising campaign;

(E) document the return on international marketing activities by providing a cost-benefit analysis; and

(F) identify the issues affecting marketing in international trade.

(8) The student researches the impact of international trade on domestic and global economy. The student is expected to:

(A) survey the experiences of companies that have entered the international arena;

(B) determine the extent and options of a company desiring to enter the international arena;

(C) identify advertising media used in foreign markets, for example, newspaper, radio, television, Internet, and magazine;

(D) contrast home-country, host-country considerations involved in any international transaction;

(E) analyze the influence of political, social, and cultural factors affecting products or services in foreign markets;

(F) relate the historical events that have affected international business;

(G) predict influence of foreign trade on a nation's taxation policy and duties;

(H) determine the effects of international currency exchange, foreign exchange markets, investments, banking and finance, economic policies, and tariff policies on international business;

(I) survey import and export procedures and documents needed for international business;

(J) survey the role and responsibility of United States Customs Service, Federal Drug Administration, United States Department of Agriculture, Department of Transportation, Federal Communications Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, Small Business Administration, United States Agency for International Development, Department of Commerce, Federal Trade Commission, United States Export Import Bank, World Bank, and Overseas Private Investment Corporation;

(K) relate the effects of geography, time zones, work days, resources, and natural harbors on international business;

(L) appraise the purpose and impact of trade sanctions, military acts, environmental concerns, and non-tariff trade barriers on international business;

(M) consider a product index to identify a specific product in various countries by different product names;

(N) relate effects of copyrights and trademarks and intellectual property rights on international business; and

(O) recognize the impact illegal products have on United States businesses.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.66 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

Subchapter E

§120.81: Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Business Education, Research Based, High School

The provisions of Chapter 120, Subchapter B-E, shall supersede §75.70 of this title (relating to Business Education) and §75.87 of this title (relating to Office Education) beginning September 1, 1998.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.81 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.

§120.82: Business Education Independent Study (One-Half to One Credit)

(a) General requirements. The recommended prerequisites are any two business courses in the student's career concentration area. This course is recommended for students in Grade 12.

(b) Introduction. Students apply technical skills to address business applications of emerging technologies. Students enhance reading, writing, computing, communications, and reasoning skills and apply them to the business environment.

(c) Knowledge and skills.

(1) The student solves problems using analytical techniques. The student is expected to:

(A) identify a problem that requires research, for example, a business issue, a feasibility study, and a product evaluation;

(B) investigate the issues associated with the problem;

(C) collect primary data (interviews, surveys, observations) and secondary data (printed materials, Internet information);

(D) evaluate alternative solutions; and

(E) determine the most appropriate solution.

(2) The student demonstrates proficiency in communicating on a professional level. The student is expected to:

(A) express thoughts logically and sequentially in preparing a formal report;

(B) interpret and present quantitative data in graph format within the report;

(C) present the findings of the study in a presentation to the appropriate individuals, for example, business, chamber of commerce, city council, school board, teachers, and mentors; and

(D) prepare visuals and handouts to support the presentation.

Comments

Source Note: The provisions of this §120.82 adopted to be effective September 1, 1998, 22 TexReg 4985.